Cancer is known as a malignant tumor or a malignant neoplasm. Essentially, it is about a group of diseases that connected to an abnormal cell growth.Unfortunatelly, there is a chance of infiltration or spread to other body parts.
Gynecological cancers are cancers of the female reproductive system. They appear when there is a proliferation of abnormal cells.
To sum up, there are five basic gynecological cancers : uterine, ovarian, cervical, vaginal and vulvar.
On the other hand, there are other exceptionally rare types of gynecological cancers. Those are of the fallopian tubes and the placenta, that is related to pregnancy.
Lets lern some thngs about gynecological cancers.
It appears to one or both ovaries, either with the form of epithelial carcinomas or by malignant cell tumors. Early diagnosis is exceptionally important. But since some of the disease symptoms are non-specific, meaning they look like other common diseases, it is often difficult to diagnose.
Cervical cancer is the commonest cancer to women aged from 35 years and older. It is a disease that we can predict, mainly through regular gynecological examinations.
Uterus or endometrium:
Uterine cancer is one of the commonest cancers amongst women. endometrium is the endothelium of the uterus. In other words, the membrane that covers the inside of the uterus. Some endometrial cells begin to proliferate without control and that is how cancer appears.
It is a rare form of gynecological malignancy that affects mostly women over 60 years old. Many women with vaginal cancer do not have any symptoms.
Regular Pap smears detect any changes, while the vaccination against HPV protects from the disease.
Vulvar malignancy begins on the vulva, which is the outer part of the female reproductive system. It is also a rare form of gynecological cancer and, usually, it is caused by the Human Papillomavirus (HPV). Also, HPV is responsible for the cervical cancer also.
Vaccination against HPV can contribute to the protection from cervical malignancy and it is a very efficient method to prevent vulvar cancer.